Barley Conditions in Israel March 2024 (Adar 5784)

Barley Conditions in Israel March 2024 (Adar 5784)

Yoel Halevi One comments

Definitions related to barley development observations according to the following:

Stages of Growth after Heading



            Soft Dough


First Edible Stage for Humans

            Aviv Stage (אָבִיב) –          Filled with Starch/Firm, can be parched in fire

            Karmel Stage (כַּרְמֶל)?

            Harvest Ready –              Kernal Hard (not dividable with thumbnail)


  1. Primary remarks are based on observations of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum). Modern agricultural barley (Hordeum vulgare – two and six row) and wheat fields were also checked and compared.
  • A detailed but schematic description of the route followed for observing barley development is included for the sake of transparency so that everyone can understand the evidence more clearly.

            If this information is used for conducting independent barley observations, please respect others by being careful not to destroy the evidence that other groups may want to inspect after you.

Following are some notes regarding the state of barley growth in Israel from two recent trips:

Trip to the northern Negev on Sunday, March 10, 2024 (Adar Bet 1, 5784). 

Warm weather mostly overcast sky (21.5°C; 64% humidity)

Overview of Route:

Traveled west and then south from Jerusalem following Highways 1, 3, and 4 to Gaza, continuing SE on Road 34 towards Beersheva and returning toward Gaza on Road 25. South on Road 232 to Hanion Reim 

Continued to the area of Reim Jct followed by Road 242 jct (checked fields on east and west sides), checked Tel Gamma, continued from Reim Jct along Road 234 to Road  241 continuing by Ofakim to Road 25. Road 25 was followed to Road 264 which was followed to Kama Jct and returned to Jerusalem along Freeway 6 and then Highway 3 through Modiin to Highway 443 and up to the Jerusalem area.


Note that this trip followed a period of sporadic rain throughout most of Israel with daily temperatures around the Gaza area generally falling within typical seasonal averages []. There were a few muddy pools of water. (Annual precipitation in the area so far 80% of the annual average based on measurements in Besor Farm []).

Traveling West and then South from Jerusalem along Highways 1, 3, and 4 to Mordekhai Jct. – Considerable amounts of headed barley were regularly seen while driving.  

Mordekhai Jct. – the majority of the barley observed was in the soft dough stage with sporadic aviv.

Along the route from Mordekhai Jct to Reim Park: 

Road 34  to Road 25, Road 25 to Road 232, Road 232 to Reim Park – considerable amounts of headed barely seen.

Reim Park (West of Road 232) –barley was mainly found in the flowering states with a small amount in the dough stage. 

Reim Jct  (East of Road 232 and East of Nahal Besor) – some headed barley in the flowering stage was seen but overall there was not very much barley during a brief stop (Seems like the Beduin may have left?)

Reim Jct  (East of Road 232 and West of Nahal Besor) – barley in concentrated patches was very mixed in this area with examples of soft dough stage, very close to aviv and Aviv barley. Along the Derech Nof haBasor, the fence around the formerly enclosed area has been removed but there is still a sizeable area with a few significant barley patches, the majority of which was very close to becoming Aviv and a lesser percentage in the Aviv state. Wheat in numerous very large modern agricultural fields was in the flowering stage (less advanced than the wild barley).

242 Jct  (West of Road 232) – The majority of the barley in a strip between the highway was very close to becoming Aviv and a lesser percentage in the Aviv state. 

Tel Gamma – barley was observed in various stages from flowering through aviv stages. There were a few patches of barley near the summit that were primarily in the aviv stage, but overall barley was very close to becoming aviv with a lesser percentage in the aviv state

Reim Jct along Road 234 to Road 241 to Road 25 to Road 264 to Kama Jct – essentially the same as the observations from traveling from Mordekhai Jct to Reim Park. considerable amounts of headed barley seen.

Kama Jct along the 6 to the 3 and up to the Jerusalem area – In general the frequency of barley along freeway 6 is much lower than the other areas where we traveled. Considerable amounts of headed barley were seen along highways 3 and 443. 

Trip to the Jordan Valley on Wednesday, March 10 and 11, 2024 (Adar Bet 2, 5784). 

Warm weather, sunny sky. (26°C; 48% humidity) 

Overview of Route:

Traveled northeast from Jerusalem through Samaria following Highway 60 to Road 457. Travelled along Road 457 to Road 458 and then to Road 505. Followed Road 505 to Road 508 continuing to Khamra Jct on Highway 57 along Wadi el-Fara. After reaching the Adam Jct, Hwy 90 was followed north with stops at a pump station, Wadi/Nahal Firan Memorial, Wadi Qaud Ida, Northwest of Beit She’an-Bardala Checkpoint and then Beit Shean returned via Samaria.


(Annual precipitation so far this year 134% of the average based on measurements at Hvat Eden)

Traveling northeast from Jerusalem along Highway 60 through Samaria to Mekhora and then to Hwy 90 –headed barley was seen regularly while a considerable amount of barley was in the boot or emerging from the boot. The headed barley mainly had an erect stance indicating it was recently headed and not past the flowering stage. At Mekhora various barley forms were seen (Hordeum spontaneumHordeum vulgare – two and six-row) as well as modern wheat.  Barley development was mixed from flowering to aviv (very few examples) stages within a few patches that were checked. The vast majority of barley and wheat were found in the flowering stage of development.

East of Highway 90 (km33?) – Large barley patches (some more than 100m long) were found to be in the aviv and harvest-ready/ shattering stages. No barley was found to be less than the aviv stage.

East and West of Highway 90 (km341) – The barley was found to be in the aviv and harvest-ready/ shattering stages. Barley on the steep hill west of the highway was found randomly growing in the midst of many other plants and was all found to be in the aviv state.

East of Highway 90 (km343) – The barley around this structure had recovered significantly from the previous year and was found to be in the aviv and harvest-ready/ shattering stages

Pump house east of Highway 90 (km344) – Large barley patches were found in the aviv and harvest-ready/ shattering stages. No barley was found to be less than the aviv stage.

Wadi/Nahal Firan (Memorial East of Hwy 90) – not checked

Wadi Qaud Ida (Nahal Talkid) (km 350) west of Highway 90 – Large area with wild barley but less dense than on the east side of hwy 90, the majority of the barley observed was in the flowering stage with some barley in the milk and soft dough stages. Barley on the eastern side of the highway was more advanced than on the western side, some of it was found in the Aviv stage.

Northwest of Beit She’an-Bardala Checkpoint –Did not stop because it was dusk, the wild barley between Highway 90 and the edge of a very large agricultural field appeared to be largely headed and had a pretty erect stance indicating it was not further than the flower stage.


Vast amounts of aviv barley and lesser amounts of shattered harvest-ready barley were consistently found along a ten km portion of hwy 90 in the Jordan Valley. The barley development in the northern Negev lags behind the Jordan Valley but many areas around the Besor and Tel Gamma have sizeable barley patches where the majority consist of very close to the aviv stage and lesser amounts of aviv barley. Generally speaking, barley development in all of the areas observed in Israel seems relatively typical. If one accepts the sections of barley in the Jordan Valley as acceptable fields there is no reason this should not be considered the beginning of the month of Aviv with the determination of the new moon. However, if one requires cultivated fields these sections in the Jordan Valley are only indicators that Aviv can be now or near. Cultivated fields would be times and manipulated and based on falah practices only harvested in April-May after being planted at a specific time and sometimes have water manipulation. There is much that still needs to be understood on ancient agricultural practices and our understanding might change as we increase our knowledge. For an extensive discussion on the questions see the attached video.

One comments

Jasmin Ponce

March 15, 2024 at 7:27 am

Thank You very much. I love that Elohim Gave us so much tools to learn and be informed about HIS land agriculture. And I am grateful for your report. I am in peace knowing more about aviv!! May The Lord continue giving you knowledge and strenght to share it! Todaaa!!!

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